Introduction
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Data Source: Department of International Organizations        
In 1944, 52 nations gathered in Chicago, USA, to sign the Convention on International Civil Aviation, which established the International Civil Aviation Organization. Headquartered in Montreal, Canada, the organization is tasked with developing the principles and technologies for governing global aviation as well as facilitating the planning and development of international air transport.

The ROC was also a founding member of ICAO, but lost its representation in 1971. Nevertheless, the ROC continues to abide by the convention and obtain information on ICAO decisions from friendly member countries and other indirect channels. This allows Taiwan to bring its laws in line with ICAO regulations and better ensures aviation safety in the Taipei Flight Information Region.

The Taipei FIR borders the Fukuoka, Manila, Hong Kong, and Shanghai flight information regions. Located between Japan and the Philippines and along mainland China’s southeast coast, the Taipei FIR provided more than 1.53 million navigation services to aircraft carrying more than 50 million passengers in 2015, forming an indispensable link in the East Asia aviation network.

In 2013, the ICAO Council President invited Taiwan to attend the 38th Session of the ICAO Assembly as a guest. The uninterrupted inclusion of Taiwan in the ICAO would help improve the management of civil aviation in the Asia-Pacific region and ensure the safety of all passengers flying through it.

Despite the fact that Taiwan was not invited to the 39th Session of the ICAO Assembly in 2016, international support for its participation has been gathering momentum, so as to realize the organization’s goal of a seamless sky. The governments of diplomatic allies and other friendly countries have been sending letters or contacting the ICAO to voice support for Taiwan’s participation. At the same time, the parliamentarians of these countries have passed resolutions, issued statements, published press releases, and posted on social networks to muster support for Taiwan. Upon learning that Taiwan was not invited to the assembly, the US and Japan called for Taiwan’s meaningful participation. As Taiwan’s exclusion makes it impossible for ICAO to achieve its goal of no country left behind, ICAO is urged to seek ways to include Taiwan as soon as possible.

Taiwan’s participation in the ICAO Assembly is but the first step along the road to gaining professional, pragmatic, and constructive participation in ICAO. The ROC will continue to build upon its past achievements and foster greater international consensus to this end. The end goal is for Taiwan to fully integrate into the global aviation network and do its part to help achieve a seamless sky.