自2009年起，我國每年以「中華臺北」（Chinese Taipei）名稱、觀察員身分出席WHO召開之「世界衛生大會」（WHA）；另2013年我應ICAO理事會主席之邀，以「特邀貴賓」 （guests）身分，Chinese Taipei CAA名稱，出席第38屆ICAO大會。
The work of the United Nations is done all over the world. While it is most well-known for peacekeeping, peace-building, conflict prevention, and humanitarian assistance, the UN and its specialized agencies, funds, and programs influence the lives of people around the world in many ways, for example in the areas of sustainable development, refugee protection, disaster relief, counterterrorism, disarmament, advancing human rights, and international economic and social development and health.
The Republic of China is a founding member of the United Nations. Since losing representation in the UN in 1971, the nation has been excluded from participation in the meetings, mechanisms, conventions, and activities of the UN and its specialized agencies. The nation has sought a return to participation in the UN system since 1993 as a way of drawing the attention of the international community to the hope and desire of the nation’s 23 million people for greater international participation and to make a greater contribution. This attempt has also been made to bring domestic policies and policy directions more into line with international practice, that the nation might better contribute to the international community.
Since 2009, the nation has been invited as an observer under the name Chinese Taipei to attend the World Health Assembly, the decision-making body of the World Health Organization. In 2013, it also participated in the 38th International Civil Aviation Organization Assembly as a guest under the name Chinese Taipei CAA.
With the May 2016 inauguration of President Tsai Ing-wen, the government will, while upholding national sovereignty and dignity and advancing the people’s welfare, engage the international community pragmatically and professionally to contribute wherever possible and seek support for ROC participation in the specialized agencies and mechanisms of the United Nations whose mandate is people’s welfare or national development such as the WHO, ICAO, and United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
The government will also abide by the Sustainable Development Goals adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2015. Taking into account the people’s welfare, the ROC will highlight to the world the work the nation does in conjunction with its diplomatic partners to end poverty, improve education, provide medical and preventive care, and advance economic development, while helping these nations achieve the SDGs. Such are the nation’s efforts to shoulder its responsibility as a global citizen and establish sustainable partnerships with other countries.