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參與國際組織

參與國際組織

國際警政組織

簡介
資料來源:國際組織司       
◎「國際刑警組織」(International Criminal Police Organization, INTERPOL)
「國際刑警組織」成立於1923年,總部位於法國里昂,現有194個會員國。該組織1984年大會屈服於中國大陸入會所附無理條件,以致我國在該組織之會籍為其所取代。臺灣做為國際社會的一員,有意願與能力參與如INTERPOL之國際安全體系,以具體行動及專業參與,為全球打擊恐怖主義及跨國犯罪貢獻心力。臺灣盼以觀察員身分參與INTERPOL並作出具體貢獻,藉由以觀察員身分參與INTERPOL會議、活動及機制,臺灣將得以直接參與國際安全體系情資分享,合作打擊恐怖主義及跨國犯罪,並與各國刑事警察機關共同維護全球治安防護網。
 
◎「防制洗錢金融行動小組」(Financial Action Task Force on MoneyLaundering, FATF)
「防制洗錢金融行動小組」成立於1989年,總部設在法國巴黎,現有39個會員,旨在打擊國際洗錢犯罪,設立相關規範與策略。該組織所制訂之「四十點建議」(Forty Recommendations)及「關於恐怖主義財源之九點特別建議」(Nine Special Recommendations on Terrorists Financing)為國際反洗錢工作之準則。我國雖非FATF會員,惟自2006年起以「亞太洗錢防制組織」(APG)會員身分參與FATF會議。

◎「亞太洗錢防制組織」(The Asia/Pacific Group on Money Laundering, APG)
「亞太洗錢防制組織」成立於1997年,秘書處設於澳大利亞雪梨,現有41個會員。旨在有效執行及強化國際打擊洗錢犯罪及資助恐怖份子之國際標準。我國為創始會員之一,2008年至2010年擔任政策指導工作小組北亞區代表,2010年加入「捐贈與技術協助工作組」(DAP),並自2011年起參與APG提供其太平洋島國會員及觀察員提升防制洗錢及打擊資助恐怖份子能力之計畫。

◎「艾格蒙聯盟」(Egmont Group, EG)
「艾格蒙聯盟」(Egmont Group)成立於1995年,秘書處設在加拿大渥太華,旨為防制跨國洗錢犯罪,促進會員間加強防制洗錢相互合作與資訊分享。該組織由各國「金融情報中心」(Financial Intelligence Unit, FIU)組成,我由法務部調查局洗錢防制處(Anti-Money Laundering Division, AMLD)負責。
我國於1998年加入EG,積極參與其年會及各項工作小組會議,與各會員國互動良好,除擔任「聯絡發展工作小組」(Outreach Working Group, OWG)成員,我並為越南、柬埔寨、寮國及尼泊爾之入會輔導國,提供相關技術協助。每年我均藉此管道推動與其他會員國簽署雙邊防制洗錢合作協定或備忘錄。我並自2014年起同意捐助EG「訓練工作組」(TWG)與相關區域性反洗錢組織合作舉辦教育訓練計畫。

◎「亞太區追討犯罪所得機構網絡」(Asset Recovery Inter- Agency Network of Asia/ Pacific, ARIN-AP)
「亞太區追討犯罪所得機構網絡」(Asset Recovery Inter-Agency Network of Asia/ Pacific,ARIN-AP)成立於2013年,秘書處設在韓國首爾,旨在促使該網絡成為亞太各國交換司法互助情資、提高司法互助效能,並掃除犯罪資產返還障礙。我國法務部於2013年獲韓國大檢察廳公函邀請派員出席大會,於2014年1月28日以Chinese Taipei名義成為正式會員。我國將續以ARIN-AP為平臺,加強與世界各國主管機關的互動交流與經驗分享,積極參與國際社會。
 
International Criminal Police Organization
Established in 1923, the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) is headquartered in Lyon, France, and consists of 194 members. Taiwan, though not a member of INTERPOL, is ready and willing to participate in the work of INTERPOL, so as to make concrete and substantive contributions to the global fight against terrorism and cross-border crimes. Only by including Taiwan in its meetings, activities, and mechanisms can INTERPOL ensure there is no weak spot and loophole in the global security network. Taiwan could synchronize its efforts in the aforementioned areas with other member states’ police agencies and jointly combat cross-border crime.

Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering
Established in 1989, the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (FATF) is headquartered in Paris, France, and currently consists of 39 members. The FATF exists to set out measures for combating money laundering, and its Forty Recommendations and Nine Special Recommendations on Terrorist Financing are the agreed-upon international standards for anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism. Although not a member, Taiwan has participated since 2006 in FATF meetings and activities as a member of the Asia/Pacific Group on Money Laundering, which is an associate member of FATF.

The Asia/Pacific Group on Money Laundering
The Asia/Pacific Group on Money Laundering (APG) was founded in 1997 and currently has 41 members. The APG Secretariat is located in Sydney, Australia. APG members and observers are committed to the effective implementation and enforcement of internationally accepted standards against money laundering and the financing of terrorism. Taiwan is a founding member. From 2008 to 2010, Taiwan was the North Asia Representative in the Steering Group, and it also became a member of the Donors and Providers Group in 2010. Since 2011, Taiwan has participated in the APG’s capacity-building program for Pacific Island members and observers.

The Egmont Group
The Egmont Group was founded in 1995 and currently consists of 164 members. The organization's Secretariat is located in Ottawa, Canada. The group acts as a forum wherein members can bolster cooperation in the fight against money laundering and the financing of terrorism through information exchange, training, and expertise sharing. Taiwan became a member in 1998, and has since participated in EG meetings and activities. Taiwan has also been a sponsor for such EG candidates as Vietnam, Cambodia, and Nepal as part of the Outreach Working Group. In such a role it provided technical assistance and training to officials from candidate countries. Since 2014, Taiwan has also provided funding to the EG to organize training for members' personnel.

Asset Recovery Interagency Network—Asia/Pacific
With the assistance of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, the Asset Recovery Interagency Network—Asia/Pacific was founded in November 2013 with its Secretariat in Seoul, Republic of Korea. The aim of ARIN-AP is to have members exchange information and increase judicial efficacy while depriving criminals of their illicit gains. Taiwan is a founding member of ARIN-AP, joining in January 2014.
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