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參與國際組織

參與國際組織

國際警政組織

簡介
資料來源:國際組織司       
◎「國際刑警組織」(International Criminal Police Organization, INTERPOL)
「國際刑警組織」成立於1923年,總部位於法國里昂,現有190個會員國。該組織1984年大會屈服於中國大陸入會所附無理條件,以致我國在該組織之會籍為其所取代。臺灣做為國際社會的一員,有意願與能力參與如INTERPOL之國際安全體系,以具體行動及專業參與,為全球打擊恐怖主義及跨國犯罪貢獻心力。臺灣盼以觀察員身分參與INTERPOL並作出具體貢獻,藉由以觀察員身分參與INTERPOL會議、活動及機制,臺灣將得以直接參與國際安全體系情資分享,合作打擊恐怖主義及跨國犯罪,並與各國刑事警察機關共同維護全球治安防護網。
 
◎「防制洗錢金融行動小組」(Financial Action Task Force on MoneyLaundering, FATF)
「防制洗錢金融行動小組」成立於1989年,總部設於法國巴黎,現有37個會員,旨在打擊國際洗錢犯罪,設立相關規範與策略。該組織所制訂之「四十點建議」(Forty Recommendations)及「關於恐怖主義財源之九點特別建議」(NineSpecial Recommendations on Terrorists Financing)為國際反洗錢工作之準則。我國雖非FATF會員,惟自2006年起以「亞太洗錢防制組織」(APG)會員身分參與FATF會議。

◎「亞太洗錢防制組織」(The Asia/Pacific Group on Money Laundering, APG)
「亞太洗錢防制組織」成立於1997年,秘書處設於澳洲,現有41個會員。旨在有效執行及強化國際打擊洗錢犯罪及資助恐怖份子之國際標準。我國為創始會員之一,2008年至2010年擔任政策指導工作小組北亞區代表,2010年加入「捐贈與技術協助工作組」(DAP),並自2011年起參與APG提供其太平洋島國會員及觀察員提升防制洗錢及打擊資助恐怖份子能力之計畫。

◎「艾格蒙聯盟」(Egmont Group, EG)
「艾格蒙聯盟」成立於1995年,秘書處設於加拿大多倫多,現有151個會員,旨在透過情資交換、訓練及專業分享等領域來加強國際洗錢防制之合作,提供各國洗錢防制及打擊資助恐怖份子之平台。我國於1998年加入EG,積極參與會務,並在「聯絡發展工作小組」(OWG)中擔任EG候選國越南、柬埔寨及尼泊爾之入會輔導國,提供相關技術協助及訓練課程,我另自2014年起贊助EG合作舉辦訓練課程計畫。我調查局洗錢防制處李處長宏錦並於105年2月當選該組織亞太區區域代表。
 
◎「亞太區追討犯罪所得機構網絡」(Asset Recovery Inter- Agency Network of Asia/ Pacific, ARIN-AP
2013年11月韓國在「聯合國毒品控制與犯罪預防辦公室」(United Nations Office on Drugs and Crimes, UNODC)協助下,成立「亞太區追討犯罪所得機構網絡」(Asset Recovery Inter- Agency Network of Asia/ Pacific, ARIN-AP),旨在建構亞太各國交換司法互助情資、提高司法互助效能,並掃除犯罪資產返還障礙之平台,秘書處設於首爾。我國於2014年1月加入ARIN- AP,為創始會員國之一。

International Criminal Police Organization

Established in 1923, the International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) is headquartered in Lyon, France, and consists of 190 members. In 1984, when mainland China was admitted to the organization, Taiwan’s membership and rights in Interpol were taken over by mainland China. As a member of the international community, Taiwan is ready and willing to participate in such international security organizations as Interpol, so as to make concrete and substantive contributions to the global fight against terrorism and cross-border crime. Taiwan wishes to participate in and contribute to Interpol as an observer. If Interpol were to invite Taiwan to participate in its meetings, activities, and mechanisms, Taiwan could synchronize its efforts in the aforementioned areas with other member states’ police agencies and jointly combat cross-border crime.

Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering

Established in 1989, the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (FATF) is headquartered in Paris, France, and currently consists of 37 members. The FATF exists to set out measures for combating money laundering, and its Forty Recommendations and Nine Special Recommendations on Terrorist Financing are the agreed-upon international standards for anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism. Although not a member, Taiwan has participated since 2006 in FATF meetings and activities as a member of the Asia/Pacific Group on Money Laundering, which is an associate member of FATF.

The Asia/Pacific Group on Money Laundering

The Asia/Pacific Group on Money Laundering (APG) was founded in 1997 and currently has 41 members. The APG Secretariat is located in Australia. APG members and observers are committed to the effective implementation and enforcement of internationally accepted standards against money laundering and the financing of terrorism. Taiwan is a founding member. From 2008 to 2010, Taiwan was the North Asia Representative in the Steering Group, and it also became a member of the Donors and Providers Group in 2010. Since 2011, Taiwan has participated in the APG’s capacity-building program for Pacific Island members and observers.

The Egmont Group

The Egmont Group was founded in 1995 and currently consists of 151 members. The organization’s Secretariat is located in Toronto, Canada. The group acts as a forum wherein members can bolster cooperation in the fight against money laundering and the financing of terrorism through information exchange, training, and expertise sharing. Taiwan became a member in 1998, and has since participated in EG meetings and activities. Taiwan has also been a sponsor for such EG candidates as Vietnam, Cambodia, and Nepal as part of the Outreach Working Group. In such a role it provided technical assistance and training to officials from candidate countries. Since 2014, Taiwan has also provided funding to the EG to organize training for members’ personnel. Mr. Gilbert Lee, director of the Anti-Money Laundering Division, Taiwan, was elected the EG’s Asia-Pacific Regional Representative in February 2016.

Asset Recovery Interagency Network—Asia/Pacific

With the assistance of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, the Asset Recovery Interagency Network—Asia/Pacific was founded in November 2013 with its Secretariat in Seoul, Republic of Korea. The aim of ARIN-AP is to have members exchange information and increase judicial efficacy while depriving criminals of their illicit gains. Taiwan is a founding member of ARIN-AP, joining in January 2014.
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